Paritaprevir/Ritonavir/Ombitasvir, Dasabuvir + Ribavirin In People With HCV Genotype 1 And Recent Injecting Drug Use Or Receiving OST: D3FEAT Study

Author: Conway B, Grebely J, Fraser C, Moriggia A , Cunningham EB, Gane E , Stedman C, Cooper C, Castro E, Schmid P, Petoumenos K, Hajarizadeh B, Marks P, Erratt A, Siriragavan S, Dalgard O, Lacombe K , Feld JJ, Bruneau J, Daulouede J, Powis J, Bruggmann P, Matthews GV, Kronborg I, Shaw D, Dunlop A, Applegate TL, Crawford S, and Dore GJ

Theme: Clinical Research Year: 2017

Background: Direct-acting antiviral therapy is safe and effective in people with HCV
receiving opioid substitution therapy (OST), but there are little data among people
with recent injecting drug use (IDU). The aim of this study was to evaluate the
efficacy, and safety of paritaprevir/ritonavir, ombitasvir, dasabuvir with or without
ribavirin for chronic HCV genotype (G) 1 among people with recent IDU and/or
receiving OST.
Methods: D3FEAT is an international open-label study that recruited untreated
participants with recent IDU (past 6 months) and chronic HCV G1 infection between
June 2016 and February 2017 in seven countries. Participants received
paritaprevir/ritonavir, ombitasvir, dasabuvir with (G1a) or without ribavirin (G1b)
administered twice daily in a one-week electronic blister pack (records timing of each
dose) for 12 weeks. The primary endpoint was undetectable HCV RNA 12 weeks
post-treatment (SVR12).
Results: Among 87 participants (mean age 48; 78% male; 8% with cirrhosis, 90%
G1a), 21% were not receiving OST and had recent IDU, 43% were receiving OST
with no recent IDU and 37% were receiving OST and had recent IDU. Overall, 94%
(82/87) completed 12 weeks of therapy and 97% (84/87) had undetectable HCV
RNA at the end of treatment (ETR), including 96% (75/78) and 100% (9/9) in those
with HCV G1a and G1b, respectively. ETR was similar in those with and without
recent IDU prior to screening (96% vs. 97%, P=0.743). Among those with an
expected SVR result by May 16, 2017, SVR was 93% (68/73). In modified intent-totreat analyses excluding those lost to follow-up between ETR and SVR (n=2), SVR
was 96% (68/71). There were no virological failures and one virologic recurrence
(phylogenetic analysis pending to confirm reinfection vs. relapse).
Conclusion: Paritaprevir/ritonavir/ombitasvir, dasabuvir with or without ribavirin for
12 weeks is effective among people with HCV genotype 1 with recent IDU and/or
receiving OST.

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